Edgewood 5 Blade Ceiling Fan, White, Dark Cherry by Fanimation. 3-Rate AC reversable motor unit. This can be a Pull Sequence handled lover. Technological innovations were not the only causes of improvement. As a result of industrialization, more people moved to cities, which obliged social innovation: improvements in housing and hygiene were the result, as was population growth. In addition, globalization as a result of colonization of tropical countries resulted in a wider variety and accessibility to food supplies, in order to tackle this growth.
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Technology in health care, partly responsible for longevity, is not at all a new trend in itself. The difference between past times and current time is the exponential growth rate of evolving technology. In health care, as in other domains, technology will be of major importance. Examples are developments in information and communication technology, biotechnology (such as personalized medicine and nanotechnology), and social robotics.
Moreover, a change in views about health occurred: mythical opinions were changed for scientific views. Rational and objective (evidence based) causes of health and disease overruled supernatural causes. Human interventions started to be accepted, and diseases were allowed to be studied and cures were developed.
This human interest in health and diseases tremendously accelerated developments in health care and medical science. As a result, health care was not exclusively accessible for the rich. At the same time institutions changed: whereas in former times, nursing took place at home (the rich) and in poor relief of convents and monasteries (the poor), in the nineteenth centuries the first hospitals were founded. These hospitals also provided for the education of doctors.
Other developments in the twentieth century have further contributed to the improved health and longevity. Public health education programs, for example, for the prevention of tobacco smoking, sexually transmitted diseases, burn injuries, intoxication, and drugs, have saved many lives, but also medical interventions such as administration of statins that decrease cardiovascular risk by decreasing the levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and, as a consequence, improving dyslipidemia as well as prenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies and newborn screening to identify serious disorders that are relatively prevalent and treatable or controllable, like phenylketonuria.
Other examples of successful population secondary prevention programs are population screening on breast cancer and cervical cancer. Not only medical precautionary measures have been successful.
Technology is often considered to be one of the solutions for the challenges, e.g., the financial challenges, in health care. Before considering some of the possibilities, it should be said that technology, on the other hand, is also one of the causes of high costs. As a result of technology, expensive interventions have been made possible and the purchase of expensive equipment and instruments is also related to high health-care expenditure. At the same time, technology can help to reduce costs in several manners.
Other promising developments in information technology and the ones this book is specifically focused upon are related to share information without being hindered by distance. IC technology – telemedicine, e-health, e-care, remote monitoring, and smart homes have in common that they offer the opportunity to share information between health-care professionals (informal carers) and patients